Diwali Pooja Rituals and Methods of Diwali Pooja

Created on: Oct, 23 2014 12:39 pm in Diwali Festival

Diwali is known as festival of lights, which brings eternal blessings and mammoth prosperity at home. During this festival, Diwali Puja is performed to appease Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha. Several rituals, customs and traditions are align with this sacred festival of Hindus.

Simple method to perform Diwali Puja has been explained in this article in very detailed manner. You will find out the Diwali Pooja vidhi and what items are needed to perform the rituals, what holy Mantras are recited while worshipping Goddess Lakshmi, Saraswati and Lord Ganesh. Let us look at all the minute details related with the Diwali Pooja 2014. 8-forms-of-goddess-lakshmi

Diwali Pooja Items

For performing a Lakshmi Pooja on the festival of Diwali, the following Pooja items are used. Following is the list of Diwali Pujan Samagri:

  • Kumkum Powder
  • Turmeric/Haldi Powder
  • Chandan Powder
  • Agarbatti / Dhoopsticks
  • Flowers
  • Bell
  • Camphor Dhoop Patra
  • Oil lamp (if available)
  • Kalash
  • Ghee Lamp
  • Panchpatra Achman
  • Puja Plate
  • Camphor 1 pkt
  • Peetham (optional)
  • Raw Rice 1 cup
  • Milk 1 cup
  • Curd 1 cup
  • Ghee 1 cup
  • Honey 2 spoon
  • Sugar 1 cup
  • Paper roll
  • Ganesha Idol or picture
  • Maha Lakshmi Idol or picture
  • Lakshmi coins
  • 5 Coins
  • Gold or Silver Coin, if available
  • Cotton wicks to light lamp
  • Betel nuts 1 packet
  • Betel leaves
  • Red or white cloth (towel or blouse piece)
  • Home cooked Prasadam
  • Sweets
  • Banana

Guidelines to be followed during Diwali Poojan

  • Purification of soul and body is must before performing any Pooja, so first bath and wear new clothes, and do Namaskar to your parents, Guru or their picture
  • Collect all Diwali Pooja items at the place where you’ll perform Diwali Poojan
  • While performing Diwali Pooja, facing should be toward east direction
  • Place Peetham (wooden platform) in front of you and spread red cloth or unused small towel on top.
  • Place Goddess Lakshmi’s picture on top of the red cloth.
  • Put oil lamps on both side.
  • Put incense sticks on the right hand side of the picture.
  • Prepare a plate with Kumkum, Chandan, turmeric powder, coins, betel nuts and leaves
  • Place banana on side
  • Place Prasad on side
  • Take 1 cup of raw rice, mix couple of pinches of turmeric powder. Mix it well and sprinkle couple of water drops and mix it again. This is called Akshata
  • Place flowers on your right hand side and put some Akshata (prepared above) in the same plate
  • Keep water filled Kalasha ready to your left
  • Place Panchapatram or a cup filled with water and spoon in your front
  • Keep Ganesha idol, Lakshmi idol and Lakshmi coins right in front of the picture
  • Ladies should sit on the right side of males during Puja

Mantra

Chanting Mantras are very significant sacred part to perform a delightful Puja and to solely please God or Goddess. Thereby, offering invocations and chanting mantras will make Diwali Puja divine. Following are the different Mantras given for different purposes.

“Om sarvebhyo gurubhyo Namah  |
Om sarvebhyo devebhyo Namah  ||
Om sarvebhyo brahmanebhyo Namah  ||
Prarambha karyam nirvighnamastu |
Subham sobhanamastu |
Ista devata kuladevata suprasanna varada bhavatu ||
Anujnam dehi ||”

Deep Sthapana

Since Diwali is the festival of lights, lighting diyas (earthen lamps) is the most crucial part of Diwali Pooja. Establishment of Deepa at shrive place or place of worship is known as Deep Stapna. Performing it, you not only lit lamps but also you invited enormous prosperity at your home.

Lighting diyas are symbol of praying to God to remove the darkness or evil influence from your life forever. The mantra to perform Deepa Sthapna is as follows –

“Atha devasya vama bhage dipa sthapanam karisye |”

(Light lamp on the left side of the picture, if you have two oil lamps you can place both of them on either side otherwise on the left hand side of the idols)

Achamanam

(Take a spoonful of water, sip it and repeat the process three times with each Mantra outlined below and wash your hands at end)

“Om Kesavaya Swaha | Om Narayanaya Swaha | Om Madhavaya Swaha |”

Given below are the mantras. Do Namskaram with each of the following mantra.

“Om Govimdaya Namah|

Om Visnave Namah |

Om Madhusudanaya Namah |

Om Trivikramaya Namah |

Om Vamanaya Namah |

Om Sridharaya Namah |

Om Hrsikesaya Namah |

Om Padmanabhaya Namah |

Om Damodaraya Namah |

Om Sri Krisanaya Namah |

Om Vāsudevāya Namah |

Om Pradyumnaya h |

Om Aniruddhaya Namah |

Om Purusottamāya Namah |

Om Adhoksajaya Namah |

Om Narasiṁhāya Namah |

Om Acyutaya Namah |

Om Janardanāya Namah |

Om Upemdraya Namah |

Om Haraye Namah |

Shri Krisnaya Namah ||”

Pranayamah (take spoonful water in your hand)

“Om Pranavasya Parabrahma Rsih | Paramatmadevata | Daivi Gayatri Chandah | Pranayame Viniyogah ||”

(Drop water from your hand in a plate) (Sit straight, fill your lungs with air, hold it and exhale)

“Om bhuh | Om bhuvah | Om svah | Om mahah| Om janah | Om tapah| Om satyam |

Om tatsaviturvarenyam bhargodevasya dhīmahī dhiyo yo nah prachodayāt ||

Om apojyoti rasomrtam brahma bhurbhuvassuvarom ||”

(Offer Akshata and flower petals to Lord Ganesha)

“Om Sri mahaganadhipataye Namah |”

“Sri gurubhyo Namah  | Sri sarasvatyai Namah  | Sri vedaya Namah  | Sri Vedapurusaya Namah  | Istadevatābhyo Namah  | kuladevatābhyo Namah  | Sthanadevatabhyo Namah  | Gramadevatabhyo Namah  | Vastudevatabhyo Namah  | Sachipuramdarabhyām Namah  | Umamahesvarabhyam Namah  | matapitrbhyam Namah  | Padmavati narayanabhyam Namah  | Sarvebhyo devebhyo namo Namah  | Sarvebhyo brahmanebhyo namo Namah  |

Karma pradhana devatabhyo namo Namah ||”

|| Avighnamastu ||

(Keep offering Akshat or flower petals to Lord Ganesha’s idol)

“Sumukhasca ekadmtasca kapilo gajakarnakah |
Lambodarasca vikato vighna naso gahādhipah ||”

“Dhumraketurganadhyakso balacandro gajananah |
Dvadasaitani namani yah pathet srunuyadapi ||”

“Vidyarambhe vivahe ca pravese nirgame tatha |
Samgrame sankatascaiva vighnah tasya na jayate ||”

“Suklambaradharam devam sasivarnam caturbhujam |
Prasanna vadanam dhyayet sarva vighnopa samtaye ||”

“Sarvamangala mangalye sive sarvartha sadhike |
Saranye trayambake devi narayani namostute ||”

“Sarvada sarva karyesu nasti teasam amangalam |
Yesam hrdistho bhagavan mangalayatano harih ||”

“Tadeva lagnam sudinam tadeva tārābalam camdrabalam tadeva |
Vidya balam daivabalam tadeva padmavatipateh temghri yugam smarāmi ||”

“Labhastesm jayastesam kutastesam parajayah |
Yesam indivara śyamo hrdayastho janardanah ||”

“Vinayakam gurum bhanum brahmavisnumahesvaran |
Sarasvatim pranamyadau sarva karyartha siddhaye ||”

Sankalpah (Hold flowers, Akshata, a coin, water drops, betel nut in your both hands together)

“Om purvokta evam guna visesana visistayam subhapunyatithau mama atmanah sruti-smrti-puranokta phala-praptyartham mama sa-kutumbasya ksema sthairya ayu-rrogya caturvidha purusartha sidhyartham dipavalilaksmi pujam aham karisye ||”

“Idam phalam mayadeva sthapitam puratastava |
tena me saphalavaptirbhavet janmani janmani ||”

(offer flowers, akshata, a coin, water drops, betel nut in front goddess)

Ganapati puja (hold a spoonful water in your right hand, chant following Mantra and offer the water at the end)

(Offer water in hand to Lord)

“Adau nirvighnatasidhyartham maha ganapatim pujanam karisye |”

“Om gananam tva saunako grtsamado ganapatirjagati ganapatyavahane viniyogah ||” (offer water in hand to lord)

“Om bhurbhuvasvah mahaganapataye Namah  | avahayami |” (offer Akshata)

“Om bhurbhuvasvah mahaganapataye Namah  | dhyayami | dhyanam samarpayami |” (offer Akshata)

“Om mahagahapataye Namah  | avahanam samarpayami |” (offer Akshata)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | asanam samarpayami |” (offer flower petals, Akshata)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | padyam samarpayami |” (sprinkle water drops)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | arghyam samarpayami |” (offer flower petals, water drops and Akshata)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | acamaniyam samarpayami |” (offer a spoonful water)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | snanam samarpayami |” (offer a spoonful water)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | vastram samarpayami |” (offer akshata, flowers )

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | yajnopavitam samarpayami |” (offer akshata, flowers )

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | camdanam samarpayami |” (offer chandan paste)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | parimala dravyam samarpayāmi |” (offer kumkum)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | puspani samarpayami |” (offer flower petals)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | dhupam samarpayami |” (offer agarbatti)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | dipam samarpayami |” (show ghee lamp)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | naivedyam samarpayami |” (offer banana)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | tambulam samarpayami |” (offer betel leaf, betel nuts)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | phalam samarpayami |” (offer some fruits)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | daksinam samarpayami |” (offer coins)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | artikyam samarpayāmi |” (light ghee lamp, do arati three times)

“Om bhurbhuvasvah mahaganapataye Namah  | mantrapuspam samarpayami |” (offer flowers)

“Om bhurbhuvasvah mahaganapataye Namah  | pradaksinan namaskaran samarpayami |” (offer akshata, flowers)

“Om mahaganapataye Namah  | sarva rajopacaran samarpayami ||’ (offer akshata)”

Anaya pujaya vighnaharta mahaganapatih priyatam ||”

Lakshmi Puja

Goddess Laksmi is the Goddess of wealth and richness. Worshiping and venerating, her devotees are blessed with boundless wealth in life. She is represented to offer gold, silver and infinite money coming out from grace of her hands. Thus, it is very auspicious and important to venerate Goddess Lakshmi during Diwali. Also, Lakshmi Pooja is important ritual in Diwali pooja vidhi. Know below the method of invocation to adore Goddess Lakshmi.

“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | avahayami |” (offer akshata)
“Om namo mahālaksmyai Namah  | dhyayami | dhyanam samarpayami |” (offer akshata)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | avahanam Samarpayami |” (offer akshata)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | asanam samarpayāmi |” (offer flower petals, akshata)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | padyam samarpayāmi |” (sprinkle water drops)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | arghyam samarpayami |” (offer flower petals, water drops and akshata)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | acamaniyam samarpayami |” (offer a spoonful water)
“Om namo mahālaksmyai Namah  | snanam samarpayami |” (offer a spoonful water)

Now, chant following Mantra 108 times and keep offering mixture of milk, curd, ghee, sugar as well as honey over Mahalakshmi’s idol, Lakshmi coins. If you don’t have Lakshmi coins, you can use regular dollar coins etc. And then pour clean water. Cleanse and put them again in clean Puja plate.

“Om namo mahālakṣmyai Namah  |” Now chant this Mantra and wash Vigraham, idol and coins with clean water. Rinse and place them in clean Puja plate.

“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | abhiseka snānam samarpayami |” (offer a spoonful of water)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | achamaniyam samarpayami |” (offer a spoonful water)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | vastram samarpayami |” (offer Akshata, flowers )
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | camdanam samarpayami |” (offer Chandan paste)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | parimala dravyam samarpayami |” (offer Kumkum)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | puspani samarpayami |” (offer flower petals)

Now take flower petals, chant following mantras one after another and keep offering petals. Alternatively, you can also offer flower petals by chanting “Om namo mahālakṣmyai Namah ” 108 times.

“Om prakrtyai Namah  |”
“Om vikrtyai Namah  |”
“Om vidyāyai Namah  |”
“Om sarva-bhuta-hita-pradayai Namah  |”
“Om sraddhayai Namah  |”
“Om vibhutyai Namah  |”
“Om surabhyai Namah  |”
“Om paramātmikāyai Namah  |”
“Om vāce namaḥ |”
“Om padmālayayai Namah  |”
“Om padmayai Namah  |”
“Om sucaye Namah  |”
“Om svāhāyai Namah  |”
“Om svadhāyai Namah  |”
“Om sudhāyai Namah  |”
“Om dhanyayai Namah  |”
“Om hiranmayyai Namah  |”
“Om laksmyai Namah  |”
“Om nityapustayai Namah  |”
“Om vibhavaryai Namah  |”
“Om adityai Namah  |”
“Om ditye Namah  |”
“Om dipayai Namah  |”
“Om vasudhayai Namah  |”
“Om vasudharinyai Namah  |”
“Om kamalayai Namah  |”
“Om kantayai Namah  |”
“Om kāmāksyai Namah  |”
“Om krodhasambhavāyai Namah  |”
“Om anugrahapradayai Namah  |”
“Om buddhaye Namah  |”
“Om anaghayai Namah  |”
“Om harivallabhayai Namah  |”
“Om asokayai Namah  |”
“Om amrtayai Namah  |”
“Om diptāyai Namah  |”
“Om loka-soka-vinasinyai Namah  |”
“Om dharmanilayayai Namah  |”
“Om karunayai Namah  |”
“Om lokamātre Namah  |”
“Om padmapriyāyai Namah  |”
“Om padmahastayai Namah  |”
“Om padmaksyai Namah  |”
“Om padmasundaryai Namah  |”
“Om padmodbhavayai Namah  |”
“Om padmamukhyai Namah  |”
“Om padmanabhapriyayai Namah  |”
“Om ramāyai Namah  |”
“Om padmamaladharayai Namah  |”
“Om devyai Namah  |”
“Om padminyai Namah |”
“Om padmagandhinyai Namah  |”
“Om punyagandhayai Namah  |”
“Om suprasannayai Namah  |”
“Om prasadabhimukhyai Namah  |”
“Om prabhāyai Namah  |”
“Om candravadanāyai Namah  |”
“Om candrāyai Namah  |”
“Om candrasahodaryai Namah  |”
“Om caturbhujayai Namah  |”
“Om candrarupayai Namah  |”
“Om indirayai Namah  |”
“Om indusitalayai Namah  |”
“Om ahladajananyai Namah  |”
“Om pustyai Namah  |”
“Om sivayai Namah  |”
“Om sivakaryai Namah  |”
“Om satyai Namah  |”
“Om vimalayai Namah  |”
“Om visvajananyai Namah  |”
“Om tustyai Namah  |”
“Om daridrya- Namah  |”
“Om pritipuskarinyai Namah  |”
“Om santayai Namah  |”
“Om suklamalyambarayai Namah  |”
“Om sriyai Namah  |”
“Om bhaskaryai Namah  |”
“Om bilvanilayayai Namah  |”
“Om vararohayai Namah  |”
“Om yasasvinyai Namah  |”
“Om vasundharayai Namah  |”
“Om udaramgayai Namah  |”
“Om harinyai Namah  |”
“Om hemamalinyai Namah  |”
“Om dhanadhanyakaryai Namah  |”
“Om siddhaye Namah  |”
“Om strainasaumyayai Namah  |”
“Om subhapradaye Namah  |”
“Om nrpa-vesma-gatanandayai Namah  |”
“Om varalaksmyai Namah  |”
“Om vasupradayai Namah  |”
“Om subhayai Namah  |”
“Om hiranya-prakarayai Namah  |”
“Om samudra-tanayāyai Namah  |”
“Om jayayai Namah  |”
“Om mamgala devyai Namah  |”
“Om visnu-vaksa-ssthala-sthitayai Namah  |”
“Om visnupatnyai Namah  |”
“Om prasannaksyai Namah  |”
“Om narayana-samasritayai Namah  |”
“Om daridrya-dhvamsinyai Namah  |”
“Om devyai Namah  |”
“Om sarvopadrava varinyai Namah  |”
“Om navadurgāyai Namah  |”
“Om mahakalyai Namah  |”
“Om brahma-visnu-sivatmikayai Namah  |”
“Om trikala-jnana-sampannayai Namah  |”
“Om bhuvanesvaryai Namah  |”
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | astottarasatanama pujam samarpayami।”
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | dhupam samarpayami |” (show lighted dhoop/agarbatti)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | dipam samarpayāmi |” (show lighted ghee lamp)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah | naivedyam samarpayami |” (offer banana)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | tambulam samarpayami |” (offer betel leaf, betel nuts)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | phalam samarpayami |” (offer some fruits)
“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | daksinam samarpayami |” (offer coins)

Mahalakshmi Aarti

Aarti successfully concludes any Pooja. For delightfully concluding Diwali Pooja, it is must to sing Ganesh Aarti and Mahalakshmi AartiGiven below is Mahalakshmi Aarti. Light lamp and sing Aarati.

“Om Jai Laxmi Mata, Maiya JaiLaxmi Mata,
Tumko nis din sevat, Hari, Vishnu Data……….. Om Jai Laxmi Mata
Uma Rama Brahmaani, Tum ho Jag Mata…………..Maiya, Tum ko Jag Mata,
Surya Chandrama dhyaavat, Naarad Rishi gaata……………Om Jai Laxmi Mata.
Durga Roop Niranjani, Sukh Sampati Data, ………..Maiya Sukh Sampati Data
Jo koyee tumko dhyaataa, Ridhee Sidhee dhan paataa…………….Om Jai Laxmi Mata.
Jis ghar mein tum rehtee, sab sukh guna aataa,………….Maiya sab sudh guna aataa,
Taap paap mit jaataa, Man naheen ghabraataa…………..Om Jai Laxmi Mata
Dhoop Deep phal meva, Ma sweekaar karo,…………………..Maiya Ma sweekaar karo,
Gyaan prakaash karo Ma, Moha agyaan haro……………….Om Jai Laxmi Mata.
Maha Laxmiji ki Aarti, nis din jo gaavey……………Maiya nis din jo gaavey,
Dukh jaavey, sukh aavey, Ati aananda paavey……………Om Jai Laxmi Mata.

“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | artikyam samarpayami |” (light ghee lamp, do Arati three times)

“Om namo mahalakshmyai Namah  | mantrapuspam samarpayāmi |” (offer flowers)

“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah  | pradaksinan namaskaran samarpayami |” (offer akshata, flowers)

“Om namo mahalaksmyai Namah | sarva rājopacārān samarpayāmi ||” (offer Akshata)

“Anaya pujaya mahalaksmih priyatam ||”

With this, you may end your puja and place the diyas in different corners of your house. Distribute the Prasad amongst all and take blessings from Maa Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha and Goddess Saraswati. Also, take the blessings of your elders in the family.